• Soft Tissue Grafting | Dental Implants Bournemouth & Poole, Dorset | Teeth Implants | Shane McCrea
  • Dental Surgeon and Implantologist

    Telephone: 01202 394 587

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    Soft tissue grafting

    Shane McCrea performs a number of gum treatments and soft tissue (gum) graft procedures. Gum grafting improves the aesthetic appearance of the tooth and helps mitigate sensitivity and infection.

    Soft tissue graft

    When you lose gum tissue, the gumline recedes, making the teeth appear longer. There are a number of reasons why gums recede (disease, excessive brushing, hereditary and hormones) but periodontal (gum) disease is the most common cause. Exposed root surfaces have a poor aesthetic appearance, cause sensitivity and make the tooth and root vulnerable to infection.

    If there is sufficient bone volume but insufficient soft tissue volume, a soft tissue graft is performed to prevent or correct recession or to enhance the soft tissue volume in a dental implant site. A soft tissue graft uses a membrane or tissue taken from the mouth.

    There are three types of soft-tissue graft that we perform:

    1. Connective tissue graft
      A flap is cut in the roof of the mouth and connective tissue removed from under the flap. This tissue is stitched under the gum tissue that surrounding an exposed root. The flap is stitched back down.
    2. Free gingival graft
      Soft tissue is taken from the palate and grafted to the recessed gum. This increases the thickness of the gum tissue and protects the exposed root.
    3. Pedicle graft
      A flap of gum tissue from an adjacent tooth (the pedicle) is used. This flap of tissue is partially cut away and folded sideways to cover the exposed root and stitched into place. This graft generally heals quickly as some of the blood vessels are still intact.
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